Narrated Talha bin ‘Ubaid-Ullah(رضي الله عنه):

A bedouin with unkempt hair came to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم)and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards the prayers.” He (صلى الله عليه و سلم)replied: “You have to offer perfectly the five compulsory prayers in a day and night (24 hours), unless you want to pray Nawafil.” The bedouin further asked, “Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards fasting.” He replied, “You have to fast during the whole month of Ramadan, unless you want to fast more as Nawafil.” The bedouin further asked, “Tell me how much Zakat Allah has enjoined on me.” Thus, Prophet(صلى الله عليه و سلم) informed him about all the rules (i.e. fundamentals) of Islam. The bedouin then said, “By Him Who has honored you, I will neither perform any Nawafil nor will I decrease what Allah has enjoined on me. Allah’s Apostle said, “If he is saying the truth, he will succeed (or he will be granted Paradise).”

Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 31 :: Hadith 115

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar(رضي الله عنه):

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم)observed the fast on the 10th of Muharram (‘Ashura), and ordered (Muslims) to fast on that day, but when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of the ‘Ashura’ was abandoned. ‘Abdullah did not use to fast on that day unless it coincided with his routine fasting by chance.

Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 31 :: Hadith 116

Narrated ‘Aisha(رضي الله عنها):

(The tribe of) Quraish used to fast on the day of Ashura’ in the Pre-lslamic period, and then Prophet(صلى الله عليه و سلم) ordered (Muslims) to fast on it till the fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed; whereupon the Prophet(صلى الله عليه و سلم) said, “He who wants to fast (on ‘Ashura’) may fast, and he who does not want to fast may not fast.”

Bukhari :: Book 3 :: Volume 31 :: Hadith 117
Hadiths Quoted from: Sahih Bukhari
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